What is Architecture? Architecture is the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. Only difference is while artists work from the real to the abstract, architects must work from the abstract to the real . And among the various architectural marvels the first thought that comes to mind when we think about Bangladeshi Architecture is the National Assembly Building.
National Assembly Building or Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban is is the house of the Parliament of Bangladesh, located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka. The lake on three sides of the Bhaban, extending up to the Members' hostel adds to site's aesthetics and also portrays the riverine beauty of Bangladesh.
Louis Kahn designed the entire Jatiyo Sangsad complex, which includes lawns, lake and residences for the Members of the Parliament.
The main building is divided into three parts:
- The Main Plaza
- South Plaza
- Presidential Plaza
The main building is at the center of the complex. The outer parts of the complex include the MP hostel. An intricately designed lake surrounds the main building. The assembly building received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1989. Louis Kahn’s National Assembly Building of Bangladesh in Dhaka is an extraordinary example of modern architecture being transcribed as a part of Bangali vernacular architecture.
Another one of the most significant architectural monuments of the country is Ahsan Manzil . On the bank of river Buriganga in Dhaka,the Pink majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned into a museum recently. It is an epitome of the nation's rich cultural heritage. It is the official residential palace and seat of the Dhaka Nawab Family and a silent spectator to many events.
The construction of the palace was begun in 1859 and completed in 1872. To construct the dome of Ahsan Manzil, the square room on the ground floor was given a round shape with brickwork in the corners. The room was then given an octagonal shape near the roof by squinches. The dome is 27.13 m high from the ground.
Internally, the palace is divided into two symmetrical halves on either side of the dome. There is a large drawing room in the east wing of the first floor. On its northern side there is a library and a card room, and in the eastern corner there are four square rooms. The thickness of the walls of the palace is about 0.78 metres.
Ahsan Manzil, an architectural treasure, is also a witness to many historical events of Bangladesh. And so the government of Bangladesh took the initiative to renovate it. After the completion of the renovation work in 1992 under the supervision of the Directorate of Public Works and Architecture, it was brought under the control of bangladesh national museum in 20th September of 1992.
Author: Ishan Hasnat
sursa foto: panoramio.com
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